The field of conflict resolution has evolved dramatically during the relatively short duration of the discipline’s existence. Each generation of scholars has struggled with the major puzzles of their era, providing theories and solutions that meet the needs of the time, only to be pushed forward by new insights and, at times, totally upended by a changing world.
This introductory course text explores the genealogy of the field of conflict resolution by examining three different epochs of the field, each one tied to the historical context and events of the day. In each of these epochs, scholars and practitioners worked to understand and address the conflicts that the world was facing, at that time.
This book provides a framework that students will carry with them far into their careers, enriching their contributions and strengthening their voices. Rather than a didactic approach to the field, students will develop their critical analytical skills through an inductive inquiry. Students will broaden their vocabulary, grapple with argumentation, and develop critical reading skills.
About the Authors
Part I: Epoch One: 1945 – The Fall of the Berlin Wall
Epoch One – Topics
Aggression: Barash and Webel- The Individual Level
Human Needs: Burton – Needs Theory
Greed and Grievance: Collier – Economic Causes of Civil Conflict
Structural Violence: Galtung – Violence, Peace, and Peace Research
Epoch One – Tactics and Strategies
Negotiation: Wertheim – Negotiations and Resolving Conflict
Game Theory: Brams – Theory of Moves
Alternative Dispute Resolution: (ADR): Sander- Alternative Methods of Dispute Resolution
Epoch One- Research Methodologies
Global Peace Index and Global Terrorism Index
Failed States: Etsy and Goldstone – The State Failure Project
Negotiation Outcomes: Irmer and Druckman – Explaining Negotiation Outcomes
Epoch One: Questions for Discussion
Part II: Epoch Two: Coexistence as Peace 1991-2000
Epoch Two: Topics
Coexistence: Chayes – Imagine Coexistence
Identity: Kriesberg- Identity Issues
Culture: Avruch- Frames for Culture and Conflict Resolution
Religion: Gopin – Religion as an Aid and a Hindrance
Gender: Cheldelin and Eliatamby—Challenging the Dominant Narrative
Intractable Conflict and Trauma
Intractable Conflicts: Burgess –What Are Intractable Conflicts?
Moral Conflict - Pearce and Littlejohn – The Problems of Moral Conflict
Chosen Trauma: Volkan – Large-group Psychodynamics and Massive Violence
Epoch Two: Approaches
Emotion: Fisher and Shapiro - Emotions are Powerful, Present and Hard to Handle
Problem Solving Workshops Kelman- Interactive Problem Solving as a Tool for Second Track Diplomacy
Mediation: Curle –Mediation
World Café: Brown - The World Café: Shaping Our Futures Through Conversations That Matter
Appreciative Inquiry: McClellan- Marrying Positive Psychology to Mediation
Systems Thinking: Vallacher- Rethinking Intractable Conflict
Everett: Intergroup Contact Theory
Lederach, John Paul -An Integrated Model for Peacebuilding
Non-violence: Sharp – Facing Acute Conflict
Truth and Reconciliation: Rotberg and Thompson: Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commissions
Epoch Two: Research Methodologies
Grounded Theory: Akinyoake --Developing Grounded Theory in Peace and Conflict Research
Case Study: Federman: Genocide Studies and Corporate Social Responsibility: The Contemporary Case of the French National Railways (SNCF)
Hoey- A Simple Introduction to the Practice of Ethnography
Nordstrom: Shadows of War
Epoch Two: Questions for Discussion
Part III: Epoch Three – Transboundary Conflicts- 2001-Present
Epoch Three: Topics
Power, Marginalization, and the Politics of Voice
Power: Jabri - Discourses on Violence
Narrative Theory: Cobb - Speaking of Violence
Beyond Coexistence: Payne - Contentious Coexistence
Politics of Victimhood: Enns -When Victims Become Killers
Feminist Theory: Enloe - Bananas, Beaches, and Bases
Silence: Dwyer - A Politics of Silences
Narrative Repair: Nelson - Reclaiming Moral Agency
Epoch Three: Praxis
Critical Theory: Hansen: Critical Conflict Resolution Theory and Practice
Narrative Mediation: Winslade: Narrative Mediation: What is it?
Radical Care: Ginwright: Fostering Caring Relationships for Social Justice
Social Media: Castells: Dignity, Violence and Geopolitics: The Arab Uprisings
Upending Normative Processes: Gardner: The Dork Police
Epoch Three: Research Methodologies
Participatory Action Research (PAR): Fine and Torre - Re-membering Exclusions: PAR in Public Institutions
Decolonizing Research: Fontan - The Case for Decolonizing Peace
Epoch Three: Questions for Discussion
Sara Cobb, Drucie French Cumbie Professor, School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution, George Mason University, USA
Sarah Federman, Assistant Professor of Negotiations and Conflict Management, College of Public Affairs, University of Baltimore, USA
Alison Castel, Assistant Professor of Rhetoric and Communication Studies, Regis University, USA
Some of the dominant discourses of conflict resolution we see referenced in this book have had devastating impacts on the populations we were meant to serve, from the invasion of Iraq in 2003 to the Oxfam and Save the Children scandals in 2018. This book tells the story of how conflict resolution has become reconciled with critical thinking over time. It is not just an anthology of peace of conflict studies since WW2, but the first systematic look at the power matrix of conflict resolution in its theories, practices and research methods. As peace and conflict practitioners, knowing our colonial past means that we can never lose sight of the populations we now assist in their peacebuilding efforts.
By comprehensively tracing developments in conflict resolution theory, this book provides readers with the necessary tools to look at conflict through a variety of lenses. By encouraging readers to critically engage with conflict through various perspectives, Introduction to Conflict Resolution will undoubtedly contribute to the next generation of reflective, responsible and well-rounded conflict resolution students, scholars and practitioners.
This book is spectacular – and should be required in conflict resolution across the globe! The editors take us on a fascinating intellectual journey through the evolving field of conflict resolution, highlighting major theoretical contributions and contextualizing each within the broader sociopolitical discourse of its time. We come to see these theories as emergent within the fabric of specific historical eras and, as such, we gain new perspective from which to understand, appreciate, and critique them. In fact, the editors infuse each major theorist’s perspective with their own thoughtful– and at times provocative—insights, turning this book into a living, breathing intellectual conversation that may just be the kind of discourse our world needs right now to embolden a greater peace.
Conflict and its successful resolution is the most important, yet least understood, problem of our time, underlying societies’ inability to deal with its many other unsolved problems: e.g., identity clashes, climate change, and infectious disease. Introduction to Conflict Resolution presents a unique and insightful analysis of the theoretical and practical development of the conflict resolution and peacebuilding fields, giving students a powerful understanding of how conflict might be better handled going forward.