Rowman and Littlefield International

Gender, Conservatism and Political Representation

Edited by Karen Celis and Sarah Childs

Contributors to this edited collection address head-on the puzzle of conservative women who engage in gendered political representation but do so within a conservative setting.

Paperback ISBN: 9781785522284 Release date: Nov 2015
£30.00 €41.00 $49.00
Hardback ISBN: 9781907301711 Release date: Nov 2014
£65.00 €90.00 $105.00

Pages: 330

ECPR Press

Can Conservatives represent women? Descriptively of course, they do. Conservative parties and organisations are increasingly feminised; conservative women sit in many of the world's parliaments; a few women have led conservative parties; and there are, and have been, Conservative Prime Ministers. But whether these women actually stand for women, act for women and re-gender representation is likely to invite greater contestation. Contributors to this edited collection address head-on the puzzle of conservative women who engage in gendered political representation but do so within a conservative setting. Individual chapters examine women's participation as conservative movement and party members, supporters, candidates, leaders, legislators and ministers – in countries ranging from Europe, the US, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Turkey and Morocco. Assessment is made of the nature of their representational contribution, and the relationship they have with conservative women's views in society.


List of Figures and Tables vii

List of Abbreviations x

Contributors xiii

Acknowledgements xvii

Introduction: The ‘Puzzle’ of Gender, Conservatism and Representation 1

Karen Celis and Sarah Childs

Chapter One: Conservative Female Candidates in Germany and Japan:

Supply and Demand 21

Sarah Elise Wiliarty and Alisa Gaunder

Chapter Two: Christian Democratic Party Feminisation: The German

Christian Democratic Union and the Male Breadwinner Model 41

Josef Hien

Chapter Three: A Complex Mediation of Interests: Party Feminisation

Processes in the Italian Christian Democratic Party 63

Daniela R. Piccio

Chapter Four: Gender Politics of the Justice and Development Party in

Turkey 83

Zeynep Şahin-Mencütek

Chapter Five: When Less Means More: Influential Women of the Right –

The Case of Bulgaria 103

Ekaterina R. Rashkova and Emilia Zankina

Chapter Six: Motherhood, Representation and Politics: Conservative

Women’s Groups Negotiate Ideology and Strategy 121

Ronnee Schreiber

Chapter Seven: Conservative Women and Executive Office in Australia

and New Zealand 141

Jennifer Curtin

Chapter Eight: (Re)Presenting Women: Gender and the Politics of Sex in

Contemporary Italy 161

Roberta Guerrina

Chapter Nine: Conservative Women MPs’ Constructions of Gender

Equality in Finland 183

Johanna Kantola and Milja Saari

Chapter Ten: Feminist Proposals and Conservative Voices: The

Substantive Representation of Women in Argentina 209

Jennifer M. Piscopo

Chapter Eleven: Mapping ‘Feminist’ Demands Across the French

Political Spectrum 231

Rainbow Murray and Réjane Sénac

Chapter Twelve: Representing Women’s Interests and the UK Conservative

Party: ‘To the Left, To the Right’, Party Members, Voters and

Representatives 251

Rosie Campbell and Sarah Childs

Chapter Thirteen: Are Conservatism and Feminism Mutually Exclusive?

A Study of ‘Feminist Conservative’ Voters in Belgium 273

Silvia Erzeel, Karen Celis and Didier Caluwaerts

Chapter Fourteen: Islamist Women’s Leadership in Morocco 287

Emanuela Dalmasso and Francesco Cavatorta

Index 303

Karen Celis is research professor at the Department of Political Science of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, and affiliated to RHEA (Centre for Gender and Diversity). She conducts theoretical and empirical research (qualitative, comparative) on political representation of groups (women, ethnic minorities, class, age groups, LGBT), equality policies and state feminism. She is co-editor of theThe Oxford Handbook on Gender and Politics (OUP, 2013, with Georgina Waylen, Johanna Kantola and Laurel Weldon).

Sarah Childs is Professor of Politics at the University of Bristol, and Director of the UoB’s SPAIS Gender Research Centre. She has published widely on gender, representation, political parties and the UK Parliament. Her latest book, Sex, Gender and the Conservative Party: From Iron Lady to Kitten Heels, with Paul Webb, was published in 2012.

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