Rowman and Littlefield International
Deliberative Mini-Publics

Deliberative Mini-Publics

Involving Citizens in the Democratic Process

Edited by Kimmo Grӧnlund, Dr André Bӓchtiger, and Maija Setälä

Publication Date: Jul 2014

Pages 272

ECPR Press

Paperback 9781785521591
£30.00 €41.00 $46.00
Hardback 9781907301322
£65.00 €90.00 $100.00

The first comprehensive account of the booming phenomenon of deliberative mini-publics, this book offers a systematic review of their variety, discusses their weaknesses, and recommends ways to make them a viable component of democracy. The book takes stock of the diverse practices of deliberative mini-publics and, more concretely, looks at preconditions, processes, and outcomes. It provides a critical assessment of the experience with mini-publics; in particular their lack of policy impact. Bringing together leading scholars in the field, notably James S Fishkin and Mark E Warren, Deliberative Mini-Publics will speak to anyone with an interest in democracy and democratic innovations.


List of Figures and Tables vii

List of Abbreviations viii

Contributors ix

Foreword by John Dryzek xiii

Preface xv

Chapter One: Introduction 1

Kimmo Grönlund, André Bächtiger and Maija Setälä

Chapter Two: Defining Mini-Publics 9

Matthew Ryan and Graham Smith

Chapter Three: Deliberative Democracy in Context: Reflections on

Theory and Practice 27

James S. Fishkin

Chapter Four: What Would Dahl Say?: An Appraisal of the Democratic

Credentials of Deliberative Polls® and Other Mini-Publics 41

Ian O’Flynn and Gaurav Sood

Chapter Five: Normative Theory and Experimental Research in the

Study of Deliberative Mini-Publics 59

Maija Setälä and Kaisa Herne

Chapter Six: Facilitating Deliberation:

The Role of Impartial Intermediaries in Deliberative Mini-Publics 77

Claudia Landwehr

Chapter Seven: Online Deliberation: Theory and Practice in Virtual

Mini-Publics 93

Kim Strandberg and Kimmo Grönlund

Chapter Eight: ‘Gentlemanly Conversation’ or Vigorous Contestation?:

An Exploratory Analysis of Communication Modes in a Transnational

Deliberative Poll® (Europolis) 115

André Bächtiger and Marlène Gerber

Chapter Nine: Deliberative Democracy in Divided Belgium:

An Alternative for a Democracy on the Edge? 135

Didier Caluwaerts and Dimokritos Kavadias

Chapter Ten: Participant Bias and Success in Deliberative

Mini-Publics 157

Michael E. Morrell

Chapter Eleven: Scaling Up Deliberation to Mass Publics:

Harnessing Mini-Publics in a Deliberative System 177

Simon Niemeyer

Chapter Twelve: Deliberative Democracy and Framing Effects:

Why Frames are a Problem and How Deliberative Mini-Publics

Might Overcome Them 203

Aubin Calvert and Mark E. Warren

Chapter Thirteen: Towards a New Era of Deliberative Mini-Publics 225

André Bächtiger, Maija Setälä and Kimmo Grönlund

Index 247

Kimmo Grönlund is professor of political science at Åbo Akademi and director of the Social Science Research Institute (Samforsk). He is Deputy Director of the Centre of Excellence, Democracy – A Citizen Perspective (D:CE). His main research interests are participatory democracy, deliberative democracy, political knowledge, political behaviour, public opinion and elections. His current research projects include: Deliberation Within and Across Enclaves (2011–2015), funded by the Academy of Finland, and Democracy: A Citizen Perspective (2006–2014), funded by Åbo Akademi Foundation.

André Bächtiger is currently Research Professor of the Swiss National Science Foundation at the University of Lucerne's Institute of Political Science. His research focuses on the challenges of mapping and measuring deliberation as well as understanding the preconditions and outcomes of high-quality deliberation in the context of representative institutions and of mini-publics.

Maija Setälä is Professor of Political Science at the University of Turku. She specialises in democratic theory, political trust, direct democracy and democratic innovation and has published a number of articles and books on these topics. Recently, Setälä has applied experimental methods in collaboration with a group of researchers organising field experiments on citizen deliberation.

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