Rowman and Littlefield International
Beyond the EU Regulatory State

Beyond the EU Regulatory State

Energy Security and the Eurasian Gas Market

By Andrea Prontera

Publication Date: Aug 2019

Pages 240


Ebook 9781785523076
£24.95 €34.95 $38.00
Not available for pre-order
Hardback 9781785523069
£80.00 €112.00 $120.00
Paperback 9781785523106
£24.95 €34.95 $39.95
The EU’s growing dependence on natural gas and Russian resources, energy security has become a hot discussion topic in academia and in policy circles in Brussels, Washington and many European capitals. However, most of the books on the subject use a very descriptive and/or normative approach and very few attempt to theorise EU energy security outside of mainstream conceptualisations of the EU as an international actor.

This book closes an important gap in the literature and offers a fresh perspective on EU energy studies, and it will be an important contribution to the debate on the development of European integration and the EU’s role in international relations in the wake of the crisis in EU politics and in light of the EU’s increasingly complex external environment.

Due to its interdisciplinary features – the book combines EU studies, international affairs, political economy and energy studies – and the topics covered, this book will be of special interest to scholars of the international political economy of energy and to those interested in European politics and EU international relations.
List of Abbreviations

List of Figures and Tables



1. Introduction

Energy Security and International Relations: A Never-ending Story

EU Energy Security and the Eurasian Gas Market

Rethinking EU Energy Security and the EU’s Role in International Relations

Structure of the Book

2. Theorising EU Energy Security Beyond the Regulatory State: The EU as a Catalytic State

IPE and EU Energy Security

Forms of State and Their Evolution

Theorising EU Energy Security Beyond the Regulatory State

The EU as a Catalytic State: Actors, Frames and Policy Tools

3. Thinking Like a Catalytic State: From Faire-faire to Faire-avec

Framing and Reframing EU Energy Security

The Energy Pendulum: From State to Market and Back

Phase I (1980s–1990s): Faire-faire

Phase II (2000s–2010s): Faire-avec

4. Acting Like a Catalytic State (I): From Rule-maker to Facilitator

EU Energy Security and Large Infrastructure Projects

The New Politics of Pipeline and LNG in the Eurasian Gas Market

Policy Mixes and Public–Private Partnerships

The EU as a Facilitator

5. Acting Like a Catalytic State (II): From Market-building to Coalition-building

EU Energy Security and Energy Diplomacy

A New Regional Approach to Security of Supply

Network Diplomacy and the EU: Between the Internal and External Dimensions

Creating Markets or Coalitions?

6. Limits, Potentials and Implications of the EU Catalytic State

The Catalytic State and Its Powers

Towards a New Toolbox for the EU

Accountability and Effectiveness in the EU Catalytic State

7. Conclusions: A Complex Actor in a Complex World

Overcoming the Liberalism vs. Realism Debate

The EU Catalytic State and Its Place in the XXI Century International Political Economy

Catalytic Power Europe: Adaptation, Substitution and Pragmatism


Andrea Prontera is Assistant Professor of International Relations and EU Institutions and Policies, Department of Political Science, Communication and International Relations, University of Macerata, Italy.

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