Rowman and Littlefield International

Theories of Health Justice

Just Enough Health

By Thomas Schramme

2 Reviews

Ideal for students in the philosophy of medicine, healthcare and public health, this book offers an introduction to the philosophical debates around health justice. It presents clear conceptual definitions of health, disease and illness and the various theories of justice, developing a specific normative argument in the debate on health justice.

Hardback ISBN: 9781786601438 Release date: Dec 2018
£85.00 €119.00 $126.00
Paperback ISBN: 9781786601445 Release date: Dec 2018
£27.95 €39.95 $42.00
Ebook ISBN: 9781786601452 Release date: Dec 2018
£24.95 €34.95 $39.50

Pages: 162


Health justice concerns the justified use of publicly funded resources in medicine, health care, and public health. Theories of Health Justice explores the philosophical implications of the assumption that we should use such resources for the purposes of achieving health. Providing an introduction to the debate about health justice, the book offers clear conceptual definitions of health and disease, as well as an analysis of the different relevant theories of justice.

The author goes on to argue that a sufficientarian account of justice (the idea that we should aim to make sure that each citizen has enough) is most fitting for the purposes of health justice. He defends this specific theory of health justice in relation to health care and public health, before expanding the argument to engage with issues in global justice.

This text is ideal for students interested in the philosophy of medicine, medical ethics and philosophy and public policy.


1. The Concept of Disease

2. Health

3. Theories of Social Justice

4. Theories of Health Justice

5. Global Health Justice

6. Curtailing Health Promotion

7. A Sufficientarian Theory of Health Justice

Further Reading



Thomas Schramme is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Liverpool. He has published widely in philosophy of medicine, including the Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine (co-edited with Steven Edwards; 2017), New Perspectives on Paternalism and Health Care (2015) and Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity (2014).

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2 Reviews

An important and provocative book, which asks challenging questions that will be of interest to established scholars of the complex issues in health justice, while providing a compelling and accessible introduction for those new to this vital, and timely, area of enquiry. Schramme’s book will be of great use to students and researchers alike.

Peter West-Oram, Lecturer in Bioethics, Brighton and Sussex Medical School

Thomas Schramme's Just Enough Health: Theories of Health Justice is a comprehensive introduction to the topic of health justice and provides a map of theoretical approaches to guide further reading and reflection. It helpfully locates theories of health justice in relation to
conceptual debates about health and disease, as well as theories of social justice.

- Mary Jean Walker, Department of Religion and Philosophy, Hong Kong Baptist University, China

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