Why do voters support different parties at elections when given the opportunity of casting two votes to elect the same representative body? This book relaxes common assumptions in the voting behaviour literature to provide an in-depth study of split-ticket voting across ten established and non-established democracies. It proposes an original framework and combines a theoretical investigation with a purely methodological analysis to test the reliability of the predictive models. The broader picture that emerges is the one of a ‘simple' voter with ‘sophisticated' preferences. Parties still function as the principal cue for voting, but voters appear sophisticated in that they often like more than one party or choose candidates regardless of their party affiliation. Despite mixed-member systems being one of the most complicated electoral systems of all, there is no evidence supporting the conclusion that voters are not able to cope with the complexity of the electoral rules.
List of Figures and Tables vii
List of Abbreviations ix
Part I. Split-Ticket Voting: Definition and Measurement 1
Chapter One – Introduction: What is it and Why Study Split-Ticket Voting? 3
Chapter Two – Theories of Split-Ticket Voting 11
Chapter Three – Measuring Split-Ticket Voting 23
Part II. Empirical Evidence: Why and How Voters Split Their Vote 47
Chapter Four – A Cross-Country Analysis of Split-Ticket Voting 49
Chapter Five – Parties, Candidates and Forced Split-Ticket Voting:
Evidence from Japan 71
Chapter Six – Pre-Electoral Coalitions and Split-Ticket Voting: Evidence
from the Italian Regional Level 93
Part III. Theoretical Implications 109
Chapter Seven – Conclusion and Directions for Future Research 111
Since December 2013, Carolina Plescia has been Assistant Professor at the Department of Government, University of Vienna. She obtained her PhD in Political Science from Trinity College Dublin under the supervision of Michael Marsh and Kenneth Benoit. Her dissertation, on which this book is based, was the winner of the 2014 ECPR Jean Blondel PhD Prize for the best thesis in politics. Her main research interests include comparative electoral behaviour, coalition governments, representation, and research methods.