The book examines the relationship between national identity and foreign policy discourses on Russia in Germany, Poland and Finland in the years 2005–2015. The case studies focus on the Nord Stream pipeline controversy, the 2008 Russian-Georgian war, the post-electoral protests in Russian cities in 2011–2012 and the Ukraine crisis. The book argues that divergent foreign policy narratives of Russia are rooted in different national identity constructions. Most significantly, the Ukraine crisis and the Nord Stream controversy have exposed how deep-rooted and different perceptions of the Russian Other in EU member states are still influential and lead to conflicting national agendas for foreign policy towards Russia.
List of Abbreviations ix
List of Tables xi
Chapter One – Introduction: Identity, Memory and Russia as Europe’s Other 1
Chapter Two – Theorising National Identity and Foreign Policy 15
Chapter Three – National Identities in Historical Perspective 41
Chapter Four – The Nord Stream Pipeline and European Energy Security 67
Chapter Five – The August 2008 Russian–Georgian War 91
Chapter Six – Post-electoral Protests in Russia, 2011–12 117
Chapter Seven – Russia in the Ukraine Crisis: Again a Threatening Other? 137
Chapter Eight – Conclusion: Towards a Shared Discourse on Russia? 157
Marco Siddi is Senior Research Fellow in the European Union research programme at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs in Helsinki, where he focuses on EU-Russia relations. Previously, he was Marie Curie Fellow at the University of Edinburgh and the University of Cologne, and DAAD Fellow at the Institute for European Politics in Berlin. He has published his research in several international journals, including Europe-Asia Studies, European Politics and Society and The International Spectator. He has lectured on European politics, EU-Russia relations and energy politics at the universities of Edinburgh, Cologne, Tampere and Cagliari.