Rowman and Littlefield International
Mixed Rules, Mixed Strategies

Mixed Rules, Mixed Strategies

Parties and Candidates in Germany's Electoral System

By Philip Manow

Publication Date: Dec 2015

Pages 238

ECPR Press

Paperback 9781785521461
£30.00 €41.00 $46.00
Ebook 9781785521560
£28.50 €39.00 $43.50

Sixty years of democratic representation in Germany allow us to study the working of a specific type of electoral system, namely a mixed system combining proportional and majoritarian rules, in great detail. Mixed systems have figured as a reference point in many reform debates of the recent past. This is because they appear to combine advantageous traits of proportional and majoritarian rules, such as fairness, proximity between constituencies and representatives, and stable government majorities. Mixed systems have also attracted much scholarly attention of late, because they allow us to study the effects of electoral rules while holding many intervening variables constant. But they also attract interest because the proportional and majoritarian electoral tiers affect each other in ways that differ from what would have resulted under pure PR or plurality. All this makes mixed systems a fascinating object of study, and the German system is its oldest and prototypical exemplar.

Contents

List of Figures and Tables vii

List of Abbreviations xv

Acknowledgements xvii

Preface xix

Chapter One – Introduction 1

PART I – PARTIES IN GERMANY’S MIXED-ELECTORAL SYSTEM 19

Chapter Two – The Contaminated Cube Rule 21

Chapter Three – Of the Cannibalistic Consequences 43

Chapter Four – Contesting Districts: Why small parties

enter (hopeless) district races 61

Chapter Five – Coordinating: Locally or nationally? Or what if German

parties suddenly behaved in a Duvergerian fashion? 87

PART II – CANDIDATES IN GERMANY’S MIXED

ELECTORAL SYSTEM 105

Chapter Six – Candidatures: Turning candidates into MPs 107

Chapter Seven – Combining Candidatures: Hedging against

electoral uncertainty 127

PART III – MPS IN GERMANY’S MIXED ELECTORAL SYSTEM 143

Chapter Eight – Careers: Electoral rules and legislative turnover 145

Chapter Nine – Characteristics: Electoral pathways to the

Bundestag and MPs’ parliamentary strategies 159

Chapter Ten – Conclusion 181

Appendix to Chapter Two 189

Bibliography 195

Index 209

Philip Manow is professor of comparative political economy at Bremen University. Previously he held positions at the Max-Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Cologne, and at Konstanz and Heidelberg Universities. He was a visiting scholar at Harvard’s Center for European Studies, at the Centre Études Européenne, Sciences Po Paris, and was fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin. His research interests cover democratic theory, the German political system, comparative political economy and European integration. He has published in Legislative Studies Quarterly, European Journal of Political Research, Politics & Society, Comparative Political Studies, West European Politics and the British Journal of Political Science, among others.

Also Recommended