Philippe Van Parijs is one of the world's leading political philosophers. In this book, he argues that the purpose of democracy should be to promote justice - we need not just democracy (in the sense of unqualified democracy) but a just democracy. Machiavelli and Rawls must be brought together. In a series of provocative and timely essays, he explores what creating such a just democratic political system would involve in order to tackle such issues as intergenerational justice, multiculturalism and linguistic diversity. He illustrates his arguments with examples drawn from the European Union and his native Belgium.
List of Figures and Tables ii
Chapter 1: The Rawls-Machiavelli Programme: Political Institutions as
Instruments of Social Justice 1
Chapter 2: Justice and Democracy: Are they Incompatible? 5
Chapter 3: Contestatory Democracy versus Real Freedom 23
Chapter 4: The Children’s Vote and Other Attempts to Secure Intergenerational
Chapter 5: Should the European Union Become More Democratic? 67
Chapter 6: Power-sharing versus Border-crossing in
Ethnically Divided Societies 79
Chapter 7: Must Europe be Belgian? 99
Chapter 8: Belgium Re-founded 117
Chapter 9: Electoral Engineering for a Stalled Federation: A Country-Wide
Electoral District for Belgium’s Federal Parliament 123
Chapter 10: Anything (Even) Better than the Pavia Proposal? 143
Philippe Van Parijs holds doctorates in philosophy (Oxford) and the social sciences (Louvain). He is professor at the Université of Louvain, where he has directed the Hoover Chair of Economic and Social Ethics since its creation in 1991. He has been a regular visiting professor at Harvard University and at the University of Leuven, and has held visiting positions at many other institutions around the world. His books include Evolutionary Explanation in the Social Sciences (1981), Marxism Recycled (1993), Real Freedom for All (1995), What's Wrong with a Free Lunch? (2000) and Linguistic Justice for Europe and for the World (2011).