This book opens the institutional Pandora’s box of conflict management, focusing on two central questions:
To what degree do Latin American political contexts create spaces for institutional designs that deal with conflicts in a feasible and legitimate way?
How can institutional architects exploit such spaces to manage conflict innovatively?
The authors’ point of departure is that institutions are primarily conflict-solving entities guiding individual and social behaviour, and that they set out to be much more than rules of the game: institutions do (and should) evolve and are eventually redesigned to meet human necessities.
In light of the pending socioeconomic challenges in most of Latin America, institutional designers are confronted with the fact that nothing inherent within the institutions guarantees that conflict is processed in ways that tackle distributive and ethnic inequalities.
List of Tables / List of Figures / 1. Introduction: Institutional Innovation and the Steering of Conflicts in Latin America, Jorge P. Gordin and Lucio R. Renno / Part I: Founding Moments of Institutional Creation in Latin America / 2. The Architecture of Governments in Conflict Environments: The Origin and Crystallisation of Presidentialism in Latin America, Sergio Toro Maureira and Juan Carlos Arellano González / 3. The Politics of Electoral Reforms: The Origins of Proportional Representation in Brazil and the Electoral Code of 1932-57, Paolo Ricci and Jaqueline Porto Zulini / 4. Copartnership and Competition in the Building of Uruguayan Democracy, Daniel Chasquetti / Part II: Institutional Resiliency in Latin America: Lock-in and Suboptimal Effects / 5. Incongruent Federalism as a Solution to Territorial Conflict: (Political) Virtues and (Normative) Pitfalls, Carlos Gervasoni / 6. The Forgotten Principle of One Person, One Vote in the Chilean Electoral Map, 1988–2013, Olivia Montecino Zúñiga and Patricio Navia / Part III: Institutional Innovation and Remodelling in Latin America: Identity and Distributive Concerns / 7. Constitutional Courts as Third-Party Mediators in Conflict Resolution: The Case of the Right to Prior Consultation in Latin American Countries, Andrea Pozas-Loyo and Julio Rios-Figueroa / 8. (How) Do National Authoritarian Regimes Manage Conflictive Ethnically Diverse Populations? Evidence from the Case of Mexico, Allyson Lucinda Benton / 9. Political Ambition and Subnational Redistributive Spending, Lucas González and Germán Lodola / 10. An Institutional Architecture for Social Inclusion: The Creation of the Bolsa Família Programme and the Social Development Ministry in Brazil, Lucio R. Renno / 11. Social Inclusion Comes First, not Ideology: Legislators’ Budgetary Preferences in Brazil, Carlos Pereira and Frederico Bertholini / 12. Participatory Self-governance and Conflict Intensification in Bolivarian Venezuela, Matthew Rhodes-Purdy / Index