Rowman and Littlefield International

European Populism in the Shadow of the Great Recession

Edited by Hanspeter Kriesi and Takis S. Pappas

1 Review

This volume, covering twenty-five populist parties in seventeen European states, presents the first comparative study of the impact of the Great Recession on populism.

Hardback ISBN: 9781785521249 Release date: Jul 2015
£65.00 €90.00 $105.00
Paperback ISBN: 9781785522345 Release date: Jul 2016
£30.00 €41.00 $49.00

Pages: 394

ECPR Press

This volume, covering twenty-five populist parties in seventeen European states, presents the first comparative study of the impact of the Great Recession on populism. Based on a common analytical framework, chapters offer a highly differentiated view of how the interplay between economic and political crises helped produce patterns of populist development across Europe. Populism grew strongly in Southern and Central-Eastern Europe, particularly where an economic crisis developed in tandem with a political one. Nordic populism went also on the rise, but this region's populist parties have been surprisingly responsible. In Western Europe, populism actually contracted during the crisis – with the exception of France. As for the two Anglo-Celtic countries, while the UK has experienced the rise of a strong anti-European populist force, Ireland stands out as a rare case in which no such a party has risen in spite of the severity of its economic and political crises.

List of Figures and Tables vii


List of Contributors xi


Preface xv


Chapter One – Populism in Europe During Crisis: An Introduction 1

Hanspeter Kriesi and Takis S. Pappas


PART I: THE NORDIC REGION


Chapter Two – Institutionalised Right-Wing Populism in Times of

Economic Crisis: A Comparative Study of the Norwegian


Progress Party and the Danish People’s Party 23

Anders R. Jupskås


Chapter Three – Business as Usual: Ideology and Populist Appeals of

the Sweden Democrats 41

Ann-Cathrine Jungar


Chapter Four – Exploiting the Discursive Opportunity of the Euro Crisis:

The Rise of the Finns Party 57

Tuomas Ylä-Anttila and Tuukka Ylä-Anttila


PART II: THE WESTERN REGION


Chapter Five – The Revenge of the Ploucs: The Revival of Radical

Populism under Marine Le Pen in France 75

Hans-Georg Betz


Chapter Six – Populism in Belgium in Times of Crisis: Intensification of

Discourse, Decline in Electoral Support 91

Teun Pauwels and Matthijs Rooduijn


Chapter Seven – Dutch Populism During the Crisis 109

Stijn van Kessel


Chapter Eight – The Populist Discourse of the Swiss People’s Party 125

Laurent Bernhard, Hanspeter Kriesi and Edward Weber

vi European Populism in the Shadow of the Great Recession


Chapter Nine – The Primacy of Politics: Austria and the

Not-so-Great Recession 141

Kurt Richard Luther


PART III: THE SOUTHERN REGION


Chapter Ten – Italy: A Strong and Enduring Market for Populism 163

Giuliano Bobba and Duncan McDonnell


Chapter Eleven – Greek Populism: A Political Drama in Five Acts 181

Takis S. Pappas and Paris Aslanidis


PART IV: THE CENTRAL-EASTERN REGION


Chapter Twelve – The Economic Crisis in the Shadow of Political Crisis:

The Rise of Party Populism in the Czech Republic 199

Vlastimil Havlík


Chapter Thirteen – The Delayed Crisis and the Continuous Ebb of

Populism in Slovakia’s Party System 217

Peter Učeň


Chapter Fourteen – Plebeians, Citoyens and Aristocrats or Where is the

Bottom of Bottom-up? The Case of Hungary 235

Zsolt Enyedi


Chapter Fifteen – The Post-Populist Non-Crisis in Poland 251

Ben Stanley


PART V: THE ANGLO-CELTIC REGION


Chapter Sixteen – The Great Recession and the Rise of Populist

Euroscepticism in the United Kingdom 273

Matthew Goodwin


Chapter Seventeen – Everywhere and Nowhere: Populism and the

Puzzling Non-Reaction to Ireland’s Crises 287

Eoin O’Malley and John FitzGibbon


CONCLUSION


Chapter Eighteen – Populism and Crisis: A Fuzzy Relationship 303

Takis S. Pappas and Hanspeter Kriesi


Bibliography 327


Index 363

Hanspeter Kriesi holds the Stein Rokkan Chair in Comparative Politics at the European University Institute in Florence and has previously taught at the universities of Amsterdam, Geneva and Zurich. He was the director of a Swiss national research programme on the ‘Challenges to democracy in the 21st century’ from 2005–12.


Takis S Pappas is Associate Professor at the University of Macedonia, Greece, and during this project, was a Marie Curie Fellow at the European University Institute in Florence. His most recent book is Populism and Crisis Politics in Greece (Palgrave 2014). He is currently working on a new book project under the tentative title Democratic Illiberalism: How Populism Grows.

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1 Review

This volume, covering twenty-five populist parties in seventeen European states, presents the first comparative study of the impact of the Great Recession on populism. Chapters offer a highly differentiated view of how the interplay between economic and political crises helped produce patterns of populist development across Europe. '…a convincing, informative and relevant analysis'

Daniele Caramani, University of Zurich

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