Rowman and Littlefield International

European Integration and its Limits

Intergovernmental Conflicts and their Domestic Origins

By Daniel Finke

This book explains how European governments handled these challenges and, step-by-step, agreed on significant reforms which led to the signing of the Lisbon Treaty in December 2007.

Paperback ISBN: 9780955820373 Release date: Jul 2010
£30.00 €41.00 $49.00

Pages: 252

ECPR Press

Since its legal foundation in 1993, the European Union has been challenged by three concurring developments. Its decision-making bodies groaned under burgeoning legislative activity, and Eastern enlargement was expected to limit law-making efficiency. At the same time, European citizens grew wary of EU politics and increasing integration. This book explains how European governments handled these challenges and, step-by-step, agreed on significant reforms which led to the signing of the Lisbon Treaty in December 2007. Drawing on unique survey data, European Integration and Its Limits provides a solid empirical analysis of the three most important intergovernmental conferences. It shows how far voters and political parties have been able to influence European treaty reforms, and it scrutinises the mechanisms underlying intergovernmental treaty negotiations in an ever-growing Union. The book discusses the domestic position formation process as well as the dynamics of intergovernmental bargaining. Ultimately, it explains European integration from Maastricht to Lisbon.


List of Figures and Tables vii

Chapter One: Perspectives on European Integration 5

The Question 5

The Arguments 11

Agenda and Confl icts 12

Actors and Process 13

Positions 17

The Method 18

Chapter Two: The Conceptual Framework 23

The Calculus of European Treaty Reforms 23

Europe’s Constitutional Quandary 23

Why Effi ciency is Diffi cult to Attain 29

Legitimacy and Political Integration 42

A Cross-sectional Perspective 44

Patterns of Intergovernmental Confl ict 47

Preferences 47

How Preferences Transform into Positions 50

The Origins of Governmental Reform Positions 55

The Process and Set of Relevant Actors 63

Relevant Actors 63

Procedural Constraints 67

Summary 70

Chapter Three: Patterns of Intergovernmental Confl ict 73

Empirical Methodology 73

Spatial Models 73

Data 75

Model 78

Results 80

Governmental Positions 81

Substantial Interpretation 84

Summary 96

Chapter Four: A Short History of EU Treaty Negotiations 97

Amsterdam 97

Nice 106

Rome II 115

The Convention 126

Summary 131

Chapter Five: What Explains Governments’ Positions on European

Integration? 133

The Unitary Actor Assumption 134

The Economy 138

The Voters 143

Parties and Parliament 149

Discussion of Results 160

Chapter Six: The Effect of Nonseparable Preferences in EU Treaty

Negotiations 167

Theoretical Relevance 167

Estimating the Nonseparability of Governmental Preferences 171

Simulation of Endogenous Change 183

Discussion of the Results 201

Chapter Seven: Solving Europe’s Constitutional Quandary 205

Steering the Fleet Through Heavy Waters 205

European Integration and its Limits 213

References 219

Appendix 231

Index 233

Daniel Finke is a junior professor for political science at the University of Heidelberg. He received his doctorate at the University of Mannheim and his dissertation is a politico-economic analysis of Constitutional Politics in the European Union. His research on constitutional and comparative politics has been published in European Union Politics, the Journal of Common Market Studies, the Journal of European Public Policy, Political Studies, the Review of International Organizations and the Journal of Theoretical Politics. Currently, he is conducting a research project on 'European Legislative Responses to International Terrorism' as well as a project on legislative behaviour inside the European Parliament.

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