Rowman and Littlefield International
Electoral Change

Electoral Change

Responses to Evolving Social and Attitudinal Structures in Western Countries

By Mark Franklin, Thomas Mackie, and Henry Valen

Publication Date: Oct 2009

Pages 490

ECPR Press

Paperback 9780955820311
£36.00 €49.00 $55.00

Until the last quarter of the 20th Century, Western party systems appeared to be frozen and stability was generally taken to be the central characteristic of individual-level party choice. But during the 1970s and 1980s, in a spasm of change that appeared to occur in all countries, this ceased to be true. Voters in Western countries suddenly demonstrated an unexpected and increasing unpredictability in their choices between parties, often to the extent of voting for parties that are quite new to the political scene. Understanding these fundamental changes became a pressing concern for political scientists and commentators alike, and a matter of extensive controversy and debate. In the middle 1980s, an international team of leading scholars set out to explore the reasons for these shifts in voting patterns in sixteen western countries: all those of the (then) European Community (except for Luxembourg and Portugal), together with Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and the United States. In this book they report their findings regarding the connections between social divisions and party choice, and the manner in which these links had changed since the mid-1960s. The authors based their country studies on a common research design. By doing so, they were able to focus on the characteristics that the sixteen countries had in common so as to evaluate the extent to which the changes had a common source. The passage of time has not dated this book, and in this edition the original text is augmented by a new Preface that describes the ways in which the book's findings retain their relevance for contemporary scholarship, and by an Epilogue in which the main analyses reported in the book are brought up to date.

contents

1 reface to the ECPR edition P Mark Franklin and Thomas Mackie 1

2 reface P

PART I DESCRIPTION

3 ntroduction I Mark Franklin, Tom Mackie, and Henry Valen 15

4 lectoral change and social change E Tom Mackie and Mark Franklin,

with contributions from authors of all the country chapters 43

PART II ANALYSIS

5 a Australi Ian McAllister 69

6 m Belgiu Anthony Mughan 91

7 n Britai Mark Franklin 109

8 a Canad Harold Clarke and Marianne Stewart 131

9 k Denmar Ole Borre 153

10 e Franc Michael Lewis-Beck and Andrew Skalaban 173

11 y German Franz Urban Pappi and Peter Mnich 185

12 e Greec Panayote Dimitras 209

13 d Irelan Michael Marsh 223

14 y Ital Tom Mackie, Renato Mannheimer, and Giacomo Sani 241

15 he Netherlands T Cees van der Eijk and Kees Niemöller 257

16 ew Zealand N Clive Bean 285

17 y Norwa Henry Valen 307

18 n Spai Tom Lancaster 327

19 n Swede Maria Oskarson 339

20 he United States of America T Arthur Miller and Brad Lockerbie 361

PART III ASSESSMENT

21 he decline of cleavage politics T Mark N. Franklin 381

22 leavages, con C fl ict resolution and democracy Cees van der Eijk,

Mark Franklin, Tom Mackie, Henry Valen 403

NEW EPILOGUE

Cleavage politics in the 21st century Mark Franklin 427

APPENDICES

A Variables employed in the country chapters Mark Franklin,

Tom Mackie 437

B Methodological considerations Mark Franklin 439

References 441

Index 465

Mark Franklin's numerous publications include The Decline of Class Voting in Britain, Choosing Europe? and Voter Turnout


Tom Mackie is co-author of The International Almanac of Electoral History and of various volumes in the European Voter series.


Henry Valen was the author of a large number of works including Political Parties in Norway.

Also Recommended