Rowman and Littlefield International
Croce, Gramsci, Bobbio and the Italian Political Tradition

Croce, Gramsci, Bobbio and the Italian Political Tradition

By Richard Bellamy

Publication Date: Dec 2013

Pages 340

ECPR Press

Paperback 9781907301995
£30.00 €41.00 $46.00

This book gathers together fifteen classic essays by leading scholar Richard Bellamy, tracing the history of Italian political thought from Beccaria to Bobbio. Written over the past 25 years, they constitute the first account in English of the modern Italian political tradition. The author pays special attention to the different ways Italian theorists have linked politics and ethics, and their various conceptions of the state and of democracy. The resulting variations on Machiavellian themes gave rise to distinctively Italian understandings of Liberalism, Marxism, Fascism and Socialism, which were all associated with a peculiarly realist account of democracy. Among the thinkers discussed are Cesare Beccaria, Antonio Genovesi, Giuseppe Mazzini, Benedetto Croce, Giovanni Gentile, Antonio Gramsci, Vilfredo Pareto, Gaetano Mosca and Norberto Bobbio.

Contents

Acknowledgements and Preface ix

Introduction – Studying the Italian Political Tradition 1

Chapter One – Italian Social and Political Thought: 1890–1945 13

Part One: Enlightenment and Reform

Chapter Two – ‘Da metafisico a mercatante’ Antonio Genovesi and the

Development of a New Language of Commerce in Eighteenth-Century Naples 27

Chapter Three – Between Utility and Rights: Cesare Beccaria’s On Crimes and

Punishments 47

Part Two: Hegel, Croce and Idealist Liberalism

Chapter Four – Hegel’s Conception of the State and Political Philosophy in a

Post-Hegelian World 67

Chapter Five – What is Living and What is Dead in Croce’s Interpretation of Hegel? 83

Chapter Six – A Modern Interpreter: Benedetto Croce and the Politics of

Italian Culture 93

Chapter Seven – Idealism and Liberalism in an Italian ‘New Liberal’ Theorist:

Guido De Ruggiero’s History of European Liberalism and the Crisis of

Idealist Liberalism 113

Part Three: Croce contra Gramsci

Chapter Eight – Gramsci, Croce and the Italian Political Tradition 135

Chapter Nine – The Italian Origins of Gramsci’s Thought:

The Pre-Prison Writings 161

Chapter Ten – A Crocean Critique of Gramsci on Historicism, Hegemony

and Intellectuals 177

Chapter Eleven – Gramsci and Walzer on the Intellectual as Social Critic 199

Part Four: Positivism, Bobbio and Social Democracy

Chapter Twelve – The Advent of the Masses and the Making of the Modern

Theory of Democracy 221

Chapter Thirteen – Which Socialism? Bobbio on Marxism, Socialism and

Democracy 255

Chapter Fourteen – The Future of Democracy: Bobbio and the Broken Promises

of Democratic Theory 285

Chapter Fifteen – The Antinomies of Norberto Bobbio: The Rule of Law and the

Rule of Democracy 301

Index 307

Richard Bellamy is Professor of Political Science and Director of the European Institute, University College London. In 2012 he was awarded the British Academy's Serena Medal 'for eminent services towards the furtherance of the study of Italian history, literature, art or economics'.

His Italian publications include
Modern Italian Social Theory (Polity Press and Stanford, 1987) and (with Darrow Schecter) Gramsci and the Italian State (Manchester University Press, 1993) along with critical editions of Beccaria, Gramsci and Bobbio.

Also Recommended