This book focuses on past and present camp geographies and on the dispositifs that make them an ever-present spatial formation in the management of unwanted populations characterizing many authoritarian regimes as well as many contemporary democracies. It also offers and investigates possible ways to resist the present-day proliferating manifestations of camps and ‘camp thinking’, by calling for the incorporation of ‘camp studies’ into the broader field of political geography and to consider the geographies of the camp as constitutive of much broader modern geo-political economies.
By linking spatial theory to the geopolitical and biopolitical workings and practices of contemporary camps, the contributions in this collection argue that the camps seem to be here-to-stay, like a permanent/temporary presence giving shape to improvised, semi-structured and hyper-orderly structured spatialities in our cities and our countryside. Camps are also a specific response, for example, to the changing conditions of European borders due to the ‘refugee crisis’ and the rise of nationalism in many countries affected by such crisis.
1. The Camp Reconsidered, Irit Katz, Diana Martin & Claudio Minca / Part 1: Institutional and Makeshift Camps / 2. Networks of Encampments and “Travelling” Emergencies: The Bologna Hub between Carceral Geographies and Spaces of Transition, Loris Bacchetta and Diana Martin / 3. Walking the Balkan Route: The Archipelago of Refugee Camps in Serbia, Claudio Minca, Danica Santic and Dragan Umek / 4. The Bubble, the Airport, and the Jungle: Europe’s Urban Migrant Camps, Irit Katz, Toby Parsloe, Zoey Poll and Akil Scafe-Smith / 5. On the Meaning of Shelter: Living in Calais’ Camps de la Lande, Cannelle Gueguen-Teil and Irit Katz / Part 2: Camp identities / 6. Indefinite Imprisonment, Infinite Punishment: Materializing Australia’s Pacific Black Sites, Suvendrini Perera / 7. Protracted Encampment and its Consequences: Gender Identities and Historical Memory, Kirsten McConnachie / 8. De-Camping through Development: The Palestinian Refugee Camps in the Gaza Strip under the Israeli Occupation, Fatina Abreek-Zubiedat and Alona Nitzan-Shiftan / 9. Grassroots Solidarity and Political Protest in Rome’s Migrant Camps, Jan-Jonathan Bock / 10. Communities of Violence in the Nazi Death Camps, Richard Carter-White / Part 3: The Camp as a Political Technology / 11. Urban protest camps in Egypt: the occupation, (re)creation and destruction of alternative political worlds, Adam Ramadan and Elisa Pascucci / 12. The Post-Disaster Camps in Ecuador: Between Emergency Measures and Political Objectives, Camillo Boano, Ricardo Martén and Andrea Sierra / 13. Touring the Camp. Ghostly Presences and Silent Geographies of Remnants at Galang Camp, Indonesia, Chin Ee Ong and Claudio Minca / 14. Camps, Civil Society Organizations, and the Reproduction of Marginalisation: Italian and French “Solidarity/Inclusion” Villages for Romani People, Riccardo Armillei and Gaja Maestri / 15. The Bunker and the Camp, Ian Klinke
This is a must-read collection that will stand as a pivotal reference point in the field. Camps Revisited is innovative in its theorisations of the camp as a key political technology and comprehensive in its geopolitical mapping of the globe’s camp archipelagos. This book reveals the camp’s entangled complexities, multidimensional uses and its contested relations of power.
This book is an urgent intervention into the spatial, political and juridical spaces of camps. It analyses camps as historical and contemporary structures, as a space that is contingent and ubiquitous, urban and makeshift. Above all, it makes us recognize how camps are now a central feature of our political and geographical lives.
Irit Katz is an architect, Affiliated Lecturer at the Department of Architecture, University of Cambridge, Bye-Fellow and Director of Studies in Architecture at Girton College Cambridge.
Diana Martin is Senior Lecturer in Human Geography at the University of Portsmouth.
Claudio Minca is Professor and Head of the Department of Geography and Planning at Macquarie University.