Clientelism in public employment – the practice of offering jobs in return for political favours to a party or politician – is a problem from the perspectives of equality, democratic accountability and economic efficiency. Focusing on intra-party competition, this book presents an original explanation of why some politicians and parties engage more extensively in such practices than others. Examining Argentina and Turkey in a period of economic restructuring, the author argues that patronage jobs are distributed hierarchically to the politicians' circle. Consequently, the distribution of patronage is affected by competition for party leadership. Analysis of original statistical and case study data at the sub-national level confirms that clientelistic practices are influenced by party characteristics. Kemahlioğlu's research reveals a surprising and counterintuitive conclusion; that when party support is crucial to politicians' career progression and the leadership of the party is openly contested, the proliferation of clientelism is contained and controlled.
List of Figures and Tables vii
List of Abbreviations ix
Chapter One: Introduction 1
Chapter Two: Public Employment Reshaped: The Impact of Neo-liberal Reforms on
Particularistic Exchanges 13
Chapter Three: Internal Politics, Organisation and Role of Patronage within
Argentinean and Turkish Parties 43
Chapter Four: A Game Theoretic Analysis of Internal Party Competition and
Particularistic Exchanges within Parties 55
Chapter Five: Provincial and Municipal Public Employment in Argentina 67
Chapter Six: Public Employment in Turkey: An Analysis of Patronage at the
Sub-national Level 101
Chapter Seven: Conclusion 127
Özge Kemahlioğlu is an assistant professor in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at Sabancı University, Istanbul. Her work focuses on political parties, elections, clientelism, and subnational politics in Latin America and Turkey. She has published articles on parties and clientelism in Comparative Politics, Journal of Politics, and the Journal of Theoretical Politics.