The book considers different possible scenarios—from the Union's dissolution, with or without the continuation of the integration process, to its reinforcement through the building of a political union addressing the challenges of legitimacy, democracy and justice. Such a strengthened union could mark a new stage for democracy—not the democracy of ancient cities and modern states, but one convenient to the complex entities, neither national nor supra-national, of which the European Union, despite the crisis, is still the best modern example.
Part I: The Dimensions of the European Crisis
1. The Euro Crisis and its Constitutional Implications, Sergio Fabbrini
2. The Transformation of Macroeconomic and Fiscal Governance in the EU, Carlos Closa
3. The Current European Crises: The End of Pluralism? Joxerramon Bengoetxea
Part II: Legitimacy and Democracy I: Constitutional Foundations
4. Is There a Guardian of Constitutionalism in the European Union? Christian Joerges
5. Carl Schmitt and the De-Constitution of Europe, Michael Marder
6. A Hidden Asset in Times of Crisis: The EU’s Unbound Constitutional Quality, Antje Wiener
Part III: Legitimacy and Democracy II: Political Legitimacy
7. Europe’s Nemesis: European Integration and Contradictions of Capitalism and Democracy, Gerard Delanty
8. Double Trust: Creditor’s and People’s Confidence in the Euro Crisis, Jenny Preunkert
9. What Must Be Democratized? The European Union as a Complex Democracy, Daniel Innerarity
10. Populist Movements and the European Union, Serge Champeau
Part IV: The Future of Europe: Building Integration, Justice and Solidarity
11. Legitimacy in a Neo-Medieval (Post-Crisis) Europe, Jan Zielonka
12. The Euro Crisis and Institutional Reform in the EU, Miguel Poiares Maduro
13. About the Democratic Governance of the Euro: How the Crisis is Changing Europe, Josep Borell
14. The Eurozone Crisis in Light of the EU’s Normativity, Erik O. Eriksen
15. Beyond the Markets: Citizen Participation and Social Progress for a More Popular and Inclusive Europe
Carlos Closa is professor of political science at the Institute for Public Goods and Policies (IPP) at the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and part-time professor and co-coordinator of research area at the Global Governance Programme, RSCAS at the European University Institute.
Daniel Innerarity is professor of social and political philosophy at the University of the Basque Country, research professor at the Basque Foundation for Science (IKERBASQUE) and director of the Institute for Democratic Governance (Globernance).
Miguel Poiares Maduro is professor of law at the European University Institute, Florence. In April 2013 he was appointed as Minister of Regional Development in the Portuguese government.